The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) conserves and manages Kenya’s wildlife for the Kenyan people and the world. It is a state corporation established by an Act of Parliament Cap 376 with the mandate to conserve and manage wildlife in Kenya, and to enforce related laws and regulations.
The challenges facing wildlife and biodiversity conservation in Kenya are many and varied. They include climate change, habitat degradation and loss, forest depletion, tourism market volatility, human wildlife conflict brought on by population growth and changing land use habits of communities that co-exist with wildlife, as well as wildlife crime.
To tackle these issues, we employ a multi-pronged approach and strategies, engaging different interest groups, stakeholders and partners.
KWS undertakes conservation and management of wildlife resources outside protected areas in collaboration with stakeholders. It is our goal to work with others to conserve, protect and sustainably manage wildlife resources. The community wildlife programme of KWS in collaboration with others encourages biodiversity conservation by communities living on land essential to wildlife, such as wildlife corridors and dispersal lands outside parks and reserves. Our premise is that “if people benefit from wildlife and other natural resources, then they will take care of these resources.”
“To save the last great species and places on earth for humanity”
“To sustainably conserve, manage, and enhance Kenya’s wildlife, its habitats, and provide a wide range of public uses in collaboration with stakeholders for posterity”
Our Core Values
“Passion, Professionalism, Innovation and Quality”
- Stewardship of National Parks and Reserves, including security for visitors and wildlife within and outside protected areas
- Oversight of wildlife conservation and management outside protected areas, including those under local authorities, community and private sanctuaries
- Conservation education and training
- Wildlife research
- Input into national wildlife-related law and policy, and adapting and carrying out international conventions and protocols.
More specifically, conserving our wildlife heritage and habitat requires multiple roles in multiple sectors. These include:
Parks and Reserves
- KWS manages about 8 per cent of the total landmass of the country. This land contains 22 National Parks, 28 National Reserves and 5 National Sanctuaries. Also under KWS management are 4 Marine National Parks and 6 Marine National Reserves at the Coast. In addition, KWS manages 125 field stations outside protected areas.
- Beyond wildlife habitats, the parks and stations feature office and residential blocks, training institutes, workshop areas, research centres, bandas, hotels, shops and restaurants, boreholes, road networks, airstrips and related plant and equipment.
Now more specifically, KWS Kisite-Mpunguti: Objectives of the Marine Protected Area, that is both the Park and the Reserve
v to enhance the regeneration and ecological integrity of the mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass beds, sand beaches and their associated resources which are vital for sustainable development
v to conserve both marine/terrestrial biodiversity
v to protect the breeding sites for endangered marine species and fish breeding ground.
v to protect the reefs which provide barrier to the force of the sea that would otherwise badly impact on a Wasini island and shores of Shimoni
v to reduce resource use conflicts through advocating for sustainable resource use, for example the right fishing gear including the right net size
Users of marine resources
- boat operators
- fishermen and women
- local residents
- fishermen and women from Mkwiro, Shimoni and Wasini
- the Wasini women’s group
- boat operators
- the dolphin group
- Kenyan government departments governing various resources
- tour operators
- local administration
- research institutions
- local residents
Kisite Marine Park attracts the largest volume of visitors of all Kenya’s marine parks and consequently earns the highest revenue in the Coast Conservation Area due to its pristine corals and the high diversity of its marine life diversity. Consequently, visitor security, education and marketing become a big task for the Park’s management. By the way, we don’t get to keep our revenue! All of Kenya’s national and marine parks share the income, because, for example, isolated parks receive few visitors but may need a high level of income due to issues like anti-poaching security.